rise, fall and upward sweeps:

the emergence of a global state*

Christopher Chase-Dunn

Department of Sociology and Institute for Research on World-Systems

University of California-Riverside

 

*Thanks to E. N. Anderson and Peter Turchin for their contributions to ideas developed below.

 

This is the outline for an interactive teleconference on Human Sciences and Complexity, a 4-campus interdisciplinary project that includes

 scholars from UC-Irvine, UCLA, UC-San Diego and UCR. It is based on research proposal that is being supported by the U.S.

National Science Foundation’s program on Human Social Dynamics. That proposal is available at

http://irows.ucr.edu/research/citemp/globstat/globstatprop.htm. The time of the interactive teleconference is from 2 to 3:05 on

Friday, October 14 ,and the UCR location will be in Olmsted 1208. An earlier version of this lecture presented at the University of Victoria

Is available at http://irows.ucr.edu/cd/lectures/lecturestoc.htm  

 

The comparative world-systems perspective: systems of societies as the unit of analysis for explaining cultural evolution.

            Core/periphery hierarchies

            Semiperipheral development

World-systems: small, medium and large. Bounding premodern world-systems. Important interaction networks

Waves of network expansion and contraction (pulsation and eventual globalization)

Expansion of the central system and incorporation of other regional systems

Polities: bands, tribes, chiefdoms, states, empires

The iteration model (not time today). See  http://irows.ucr.edu/papers/irows20/irows20.htm

Rise and fall and upward sweeps of hierarchy formation

            Semiperipheral marcher chiefdoms

            Semiperipheral marcher states

            Semiperipheral capitalist city-states

Rise and Fall with Upward Sweeps of Polity Size

 

Modeling agrarian empires. Two-level models. States and interstate systems. Endogenous to what?

 

Modeling thallasocratic capitalist city-states

From core-wide empires created by tributary marcher states to colonial empires and a multicentric core with a hegemon.

Waves of colonization and decolonization: global polity formation

           

Waves of colonization and decolonization based on Henige (1970)

Types of international political integration:

A peaceful system of sovereign states

A confederation of states

A real global state with the power to outlaw warfare and to enforce the law

Global democracy

 

 

Bibliography

Abu-Lughod, Janet Lippman 1989 Before European Hegemony: The World System A.D.

 1250-1350 New York: Oxford University Press.

Anderson, David G. 1994 The Savannah River Chiefdoms. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press.

Arrighi, Giovanni 1994 The Long Twentieth Century: Money, Power and the Origins of

            Our Times. London: Verso

Bairoch, Paul 1988 Cities and Economic Development.  Chicago: University of Chicago

Press.

Barabási, A.-L. 2002. Linked: The New Science of Networks. Cambridge, MA: Perseus Publishing.

Barfield, Thomas J. 1989. The Perilous Frontier: Nomadic Empires and China.

Cambridge, MA: Basil Blackwell.

            Bentley, Jerry H.  1993.  Old World Encounters: Cross-Cultural Contacts and Exchanges in Pre-Modern

                        Times.  Oxford:  Oxford University Press.

            Bergesen, Albert and Ronald Schoenberg 1980 “Long waves of colonial expansion and

                        contraction 1415-1969” Pp. 231-278 in Albert Bergesen (ed.) Studies of the Modern

World-System. New York: Academic Press

Boli, John and George M. Thomas 1997 “World culture in the world polity,” American

Sociological Review 62,2:171-190 (April).

__________ (eds.)1999 Constructing World Culture: International Nongovernmental Organizations

Since 1875.  Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Boserup, Ester1981. Population and Technological Change. Chicago: University of Chicago

Press.

Braudel, Fernand 1979 The Perspective of the World. New York: Harper and Row.

Carneiro, Robert L. 1978 “Political expansion as an expression of the principle of

competitive exclusion,” Pp. 205-223 in Ronald Cohen and Elman R. Service

(eds.) Origins of the State: The Anthropology of Political Evolution. Philadelphia:

 Institute for the Study of Human Issues.

________ 2004 “The political unification of the world: whether, when and how – some

speculations.” Cross-Cultural Research 38,2:162-177 (May).

Chandler, Tertius 1987 Four Thousand Years of Urban Growth. Edwin Mellen Press:

Lewiston/Queenston, Lampeter.

Christopher Chase-Dunn. 1990 "World state formation: historical processes and

emergent necessity" Political Geography Quarterly, 9,2: 108-30 (April).

http://irows.ucr.edu/papers/irows1.txt
Chase-Dunn, Christopher and Thomas D. Hall. 1997 Rise and Demise:Comparing

 World-Systems Boulder, CO.: Westview

Chase-Dunn, C. and E. Susan Manning 2002 “City systems and world-systems: four

millennia of city growth an decline.” Cross-Cultural Research 36,4:379-398.

Chase-Dunn, Christopher, Yukio Kawano and Benjamin Brewer 2000 “Trade

globalization since 1795: waves of integration in the world-system.”

American Sociological Review, February.

Chase-Dunn, Christopher, Andrew Jorgenson, Thomas E. Reifer and Shoon Lio Forthcoming. “The trajectory of the United States in the world-system,” Sociological Perspectives.

Christian, David 2004 Maps of Time. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Cioffi-Revilla, Claudio 1996 “Origins and Evolution of War and Politics,”International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 40, no. 1, March pp. 1-4.

Collins, Randall 1999 Macrohistory: Essays in the Sociology of the Long Run. Stanford, CA:

Stanford University Press

Denemark, Robert, Jonathan Friedman, Barry K. Gills and George Modelski (eds.) 2000

            World System History: the social science of long-term change.  London:

            Routledge.

Diamond, Jared 2004 Collapse. New York: Viking

Fischer, David Hackett 1996 The Great Wave: Price Revolutions and the Rhythm of

History. New York: Oxford University Press.

Frank, Andre Gunder and Barry K. Gills (eds.) 1993 The World System: Five Hundred

Years or Five Thousand ? London: Routledge.

Review 15:3(Sum):335-72.

Friedman, Jonathan and Michael Rowlands 1977 "Toward an epigenetic model of the

            evolution of 'civilization.'" Pp. 201-78 in J. Friedman and M. Rowlands (eds.)

The Evolution of Social Systems. London:Duckworth.

Galloway, Patrick R. 1986 “Long-term fluctuations in climate and population in the

preindustrial era.” Population and Development Review 12,1:1-24 (March).

Goldfrank, Walter L. 1999 “Beyond hegemony” in Volker Bornschier and Christopher

            Chase-Dunn (eds.) The Future of Global Conflict. London: Sage.

Gimblett, Randy 2001 Integrating Geographic Information Systems and Agent-Based

 Modeling: Techniques for Simulating Social and Ecological Processes New

York: Oxford University Press.

Goldstone, J. A. 1991. Revolution and rebellion in the Early Modern world. University of

California Press, Berkeley, CA.

Graber, Robert Bates 2004 “Is a world state just a matter of time?: a population-pressure

 alternative.” Cross-Cultural Research 38,2:147-161 (may).

Hanneman, Robert A. 1988-89 Computer Assisted Theory Building.  Beverly Hills: Sage.

_________1995 "Discovering Theory Dynamics by Computer Simulation: 

Experiments on State Legitimacy and Capitalist Imperialism."  Pp. 1-46 in Peter

Marsden (ed.) Sociological Methodology (with Randall Collins and Gabrielle

Mordt).

Hardt, Michael and Antonio Negri 2004 Multitude. New York: Penguin

            Harris, Marvin.  1977.  Cannibals and Kings:  The Origins of Cultures.  New York:  Random House.

            Henige, David P. 1970 Colonial Governors from the Fifteenth Century to the Present. Madison, WI.:

            University of Wisconsin Press.

Hughes, Barry B. 1996 International Futures: Choices in the Creation of a New World

Order. Boulder, CO:Westview.

Jervis, Robert 1985 "From Balance to Concert: A Study in International Security

Cooperation," World Politics 38,1: 58-79

Johnson, Allen W. and Timothy Earle. 1987. The Evolution of Human Societies: From

Foraging Group to Agrarian State. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Johnson, Amber Lynn 2004 “ Why not to expect a “world state.” Cross-Cultural Research

 38,2: 119-132 (May).

            Khaldun, Ibn 1981 The Muqaddimah. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

            Kirch, Patrick V. 1984 The Evolution of Polynesian Chiefdoms. Cambridge: Cambridge

            University Press.

            _________ 1991 “Chiefship and competitive involution: the Marquesas Islands of Eastern

            Polynesia” Pp. 119-145 in Timothy Earle (ed.) Chiefdoms: Power, Economy and Ideology.

            Cambrdige: Cambridge University Press.

Kowalewski, David and Dean Hoover 1995 “The future world-system: a dynamic model”

World Futures 44:263-285.

Larsen, Mogens T. 1976 The Old Assyrian City State and Its Colonies. Copenhagen: Akademisk Forlag.

Lattimore, Owen. 1940. Inner Asian Frontiers of China. New York: American

Geographical  Society, republished 1951, 2nd ed. Boston: Beacon Press.

Lenski, Gerhard 2005 Ecological-Evolutionary Theory. Boulder, CO: Paradigm.

Levy, Jack S. and William R. Thompson 2005 The Evolution of War. Englewood Cliffs, NY: Prentice-Hall.

Li, B. L. and E. L. Charnov. 2001. Diversity-stability relationships revisited: scaling rules for

biological communities near equilibrium. Ecological Modelling, 140: 247-254.

Marano, Louis A 1973 “A macrohistoric trend toward world government.” Behavior

Science Notes 8,1, 35-39

Mann, Michael.  1986.  The sources of social power:  Volume I:  A history of power from

the beginning to a.d. 1760.  Cambridge:  Cambridge University Press.

            McNeill, J.R. and William McNeill 2003 The Human Web. New York: Norton

            Modelski, George 2003 World Cities: –3000 to 2000. Washington, DC: Faros 2000

Modelski, G., W. R. Thompson. 1996. Leading sectors and world powers: the co-evolution

of global politics and economics. University of South Carolina Press, Columbia, SC.

            Murphy, Craig 1994 International Organization and Industrial Change: Global Governance

             since 1850. New York:            Oxford.

            Naroll, Raul 1967 “Imperial cycles and world order,” Peace Research Society: Papers, VII,

            Chicago Conference, 1967: 83-101.

            O’Rourke, Kevin H and Jeffrey G. Williamson 1999 Globalization and History: The Evolution

            of a 19th Century Atlantic Economy. Cambridge, MA.: MIT Press.

Pasciuti, Daniel and Christopher Chase-Dunn 2002 “Estimating the population sizes of

cities.” http://irows.ucr.edu/research/citemp/estcit/estcit.htm

Peregrine, Peter N., Melvin Ember and Carol R. Ember 2004 “Predicting the future state

of the world using archaeological data: an exercise in archaeomancy.” Cross-

Cultural Research 38,2: 133-146 (may).

Polanyi, Karl. 1944. The Great Transformation: The Political and Economic Origins of

Our Time. Boston: Beacon Press.

_____. 1957. "Aristotle Discovers the Economy." Pp. 64-96 in Trade and Market in the

Early Empires, edited by Karl Polanyi, Conrad M. Arensberg, and Harry W.

Pearson. Chicago: Regnery.

Robinson, William I. 2004 A Theory of Global Capitalism. Baltimore: MD. Johns Hopkins

University Press.

Roscoe, Paul 2004 “The problems with polities: some problems in forecasting global political integration.” Cross-Cultural Research 38,2:102-11.

Rummel, R. J. 2002. url: http://www.hawaii.edu/powerkills/LINKS.HTM#freedom -

Link to Cross-National Data/Statistics

Redman, Charles L. 1999 Human Impact on Ancient Environments. Tucson: University

of Arizona Press.

Sachs, Jeffrey 2005 The End of Poverty. New York: Penguin.

Sanderson, Stephen K. 1990 Social Evolutionism. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell.

Sassen, Saskia. 1991. Global Cities. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

            Silver, Beverly 2003 Forces of Labor. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Sklair, Leslie. 2001. The Transnational Capitalist Class. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers.

Smith, D., and D. R. White. 1992.Structure and Dynamics of the Global Economy:

Network Analysis of International Trade 1965-1980. Social Forces 70:857-894.

Spufford, P. 2002, Power and Profit: The Merchant in Medieval Europe. London & NY:

Thames & Hudson.

Taagepera, Rein 1978 "Size and duration of empires: growth-decline curves, 3000

            to 600 BC" Social Science Research 7:180-196

________ 1997 “Expansion and contraction patterns of large polities: context for

Russia.” International Studies Quarterly 41,3: 475-504.

Taylor, Peter J. 1996 The Way the Modern World Works: World Hegemony to World

            Impasse . New York: John Wiley.

Teggart, Frederick J. 1939. Rome and China: A Study of Correlations in Historical

Events. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Tilly, Charles 1990 Coercion, Capital and European States: AD 990-1990. Cambridge,

MA: Blackwell.

Tobler, Waldo and S. Wineburg 1971 “A Cappadocian Speculation” Nature 231, May 7.

Turchin, P. 2003. Historical dynamics: why states rise and fall. Princeton University Press,

Princeton, NJ.

Turchin, P., and T. D. Hall. 2003. Spatial synchrony among and within world-systems:

insights from theoretical ecology. Journal of World Systems Research 9,1

      http://csf.colorado.edu/jwsr/archive/vol9/number1/pdf/jwsr-v9n1-turchinhall.pdf

Thompson, William R. 1990 "Long waves, technological innovation and relative

decline." International Organization 44:201-33.

________________ (ed.) 2001 Evolutionary Interpretations of World Politics. London: Routledge.

Van der Pijl, Kees. 1984. The Making of an Atlantic Ruling Class. London: Verso.

Wallerstein, Immanuel.  1984.  “The three instances of hegemony in the history of the

 capitalist world-economy.”  Pp. 100-108 in Gerhard Lenski (ed.) Current Issues and Research in

Macrosociology, International Studies in Sociology and Social Anthropology,

Vol. 37. Leiden: E.J. Brill.

________________  2000  The Essential Wallerstein. New York: New Press.

Wendt, Alex 2003 “Why a world state is inevitable” European Journal of International Relations.

9,4: 491-542.

White, Douglas R., F. Harary. 2001 “The Cohesiveness of Blocks in Social Networks:

 Node Connectivity and Conditional Density.” Sociological Methodology 2001, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 305-359. Blackwell Publishers, Inc., Boston, USA and Oxford, UK.

Wilkinson, David. 1987 "Central civilization" Comparative Civilizations Review 17:31-

59 (Fall).

_________ 1991 “Core, peripheries and civilizations,” Pp. 113-166 in C. Chase-Dunn

and T.D. Hall (eds.) Core/Periphery Relations in Precapitalist Worlds. Boulder, CO:

Westview Press

_________2004 “The power configuration of the central world-system, 1500-700 BC”

Journal of World-Systems Research 10,3: 655-720.