Bibliography on 3000 Years of Climate Change in Four Regions

Five sections:

1.                 general and methodological issues

2.                  Western Asia/Mediterranean since 1000 BCE

3.                  South Asia since 1000 BCE

4.                 Central Asia since 1000BCE

5.                  East Asia since 1000 BCE


#1 General and Methodological Issues



Burroughs, William James 1992 Weather Cycles: Real or Imaginary? Cambridge: Cambridge

University Press.

Butzer, Karl 1995 “Environmental change in the Near East and human impact on the land,”

Pp. 123-151 in Jack M. Sasson et al Civilizations of the Ancient Near East Vol. 1. New

York: Scribners

Butzer Karl.W.  1997 "Sociopolitical Discontinuity in the Near East C. 2200 BCE:

            Scenarios from Palestine and Egypt," in H.N. Dalfes, G. Kulka, and H. Wiess,

eds., Third Millennium BC CLimate Change and Old World Collapse. Berlin:


Butzer Karl.W.  1997 "Sociopolitical Discontinuity in the Near East C. 2200 BCE:

            Scenarios from Palestine and Egypt," in H.N. Dalfes, G. Kulka, and H. Wiess,

eds., Third Millennium BC CLimate Change and Old World Collapse. Berlin:


Crowley, Thomas J. 2000.  “Causes of Climate Change Over the Past 1000 Years.”   Science  289(14 July):270-277.


Davis, Mike 2001 Late Victorian Holocausts: El Nino and the Making of the Third World. New

York: Verso.

deMenocal, Peter B.  2001.  “Cultural Responses to Climate Change During the Late Holocene.”  Science 292 (27 April):667-673.


Diaz, Henry F. and Vera Markgraf (eds.) 1992 El Nino: Historical and Paleoclimate Aspects

of the Southern Oscillation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press


Galloway, Patrick R. 1986 “Long-term  fluctuations in climate and population in the preindustrial era.” Population and Development Review 12 1 (march): 1-24.


Grenfell, B. T., O. N. Bjørnstad, and J. Kappey.  2001.  Travelling Waves and Spatial Hierarchies in Measles Epidemics.  Nature 414:716-723.


Hall, Thomas D. and Peter Turchin 2002 “Spatial synchrony among and within world-systems: insights from theoretical ecology.” JWSR


Hodell, D.A., J.H. Curtis and M. Brenner (1995) Possible role of climate in the collapse of the Classic Maya Civilization.  Nature 375: 391-394.


Huntington, Ellsworth 1922 Civilization and Climate. New Haven: Yale University Press.


Jones, P. D.,  T. J. Osborn, K. R. Briffa.   2001.  “The Evolution of Climate Over the Last Millennium.”  Science 292 (27 April):662-667.


Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research, University of Arizona


Mann, Michael E. and Raymond S. Bradley 1994 “Northern hemisphere temperatures during the past millennium: inferences, uncertainties and limitations” Geographical Research Letters 26,6:759 (March)

Mann, Michael E.  2000.  “Lessons for a New Millenium.  Science 289:253-254.


Mann, M.E., Rutherford, S., Climate Reconstruction Using 'Pseudoproxies', Geophysical Research Letters, 29 (10), 1501, 2002.


Mann, Michael E. 2002 “The value of multiple proxies” Science, Vol 297, Issue 5586, 1481-1482 , 30 August


Mann, M.E., Jones, P.D., Global surface temperature over the past two millennia, Geophysical Research Letters, 30 (15), 1820, 2003.


Mann, M.E., On Smoothing Potentially Non-Stationary Climate Time Series, Geophysical Research Letters, 31, L07214, 2004.


Morner, N.-A. and W. Karlen (eds.)  1984 Climatic Changes on a Yearly to Millennial Basis Boston: D. Reidel


NOAA World Data Center for Paleoclimatology.


Ocean Drilling Program
Pfister, C. (1992): Monthly temperature and precipitation patterns in Central Europe from 1525 to the present. A methodology for quantifying man made evidence on weather and climate. In: Bradley R.S., Jones P.D. (eds.) Climate since 1500A.D., pp. 118-143. London
Pfister C., Kington J., Kleinlogel G., Schuele H., Siffert E. (1994): The creation of high resolution spatio-temporal reconstructions of past climate from direct meteorological observations and proxy data. Methodological considerations and results. In: Frenzel, B., Pfister C., Glaeser, B. (eds), Climate in Europe 1675-1715.


Reclido : Spanish Reconstruction of Climate Change from Documentary Sources


Shindell, D.T., Schmidt, G.A., Miller, R.L., Mann, M.E. 2003 Volcanic and Solar Forcing of Climate Change during the Preindustrial Era, Journal of Climate, 16, 4094-4107.


Thomas, William L., ed.  1956.  Man's Role in Change the Face of the Earth, Vol. 1.  Chicago:  University of Chicago Press.


Turner, B. L. II, William C. Clark, Robert W. Kates, John F. Richards, J. T. Matthews, and William R. Meyer, eds.  1990.  The Earth as Transformed by Human Action:  Global and Regional Changes in the Biosphere over the Past 300 Years.  Cambridge:  Cambridge University Press.


#2 Western Asia/Mediterranean since 1000 BCE


Bell, Barbara. 1970 "The oldest records of the Nile floods" Geographical Journal 136:569-573.


Neumann, J. and S. Parpola 1987 “Climatic change and the eleventh-tenth century

eclipse    of Assyria and Babylonia,” Journal of Near Eastern Studies 46:161-182.

Quinn, William H. 1992 “A study of Southern Oscillation-related climatic activity for AD 622-1990 incorporating Nile River flood data:” pp. 119-150 in Henry F. Diaz and Vera Markgraf (eds.) El Nino: Historical and Paleoclimatic Aspects of the Southern Oscillation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Thompson, William R. 2000 “Climate, water and center-hinterland conflict in the ancient world system.” Presented at the annual conference of the International Studies Association, Los Angeles.


#4 Central Asia

Climate Models of Greater Turkestan

Thomas Bryson, Madison, WI, USA(

Supplied note: "New website by independent scholar. Collection of links

To Central Asia resources on the web. Past climate models of Greater

Turkestan (unpublished elsewhere) [for Alma Ata, KZ; Kyzyl-Orda, KZ; Bishkek, KZ;

Dushanbe, TJ; Bajram-ali (Merv), TM; Krasnovodsk, TM; Bukhara, UZ;

Fergana, UZ; Khiva, UZ and for the period 14,000 BP-present - ed.]."


Src: The Asian Studies WWW Monitor ISSN 1329-9778


Announce your new/improved Asian Studies' Web sites via

Dr T. Matthew CIOLEK

Head, Internet Publications Bureau,

RSPAS, National Institute of Asian and Pacific Studies,

The Australian National University, Canberra

+61 2  6125 0110  fax: +61  2  6125 1893

Graumlich, Lisa (University of Arizona) personal communication "Climatic variation on the Tibetan plateau from 900 to 1990 AD: tree ring and ice core data"

Yang, Xiaoping 1998 "Desertification and land use in the arid areas of Central Asia." Quaternary Sciences (in Chinese) II: 119-127.


#5 East Asia since 1000 BCE


Quansheng Ge, Jingyun Zheng, Xiuqi Fang*, Xueqin Zhang, Piyuan Zhang, Zhimin Man, and Wei-Chyung Wang “Winter half-year temperature reconstruction for the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River and Yangtze River, China, during the past 2000 years.” Holocene 13, 6:933-940, 2003
Gong, Gaofa and Sultan Hameed 1991 “The variation of moisture conditions in China during the last 2000 years,” International Journal of Climatology 11: 271-283.
Mikami, T., 1993, Historical Weather Observations, Japan.  IGBP PAGES/World Data Center-A for Paleoclimatology Data Contribution Series # 93-028.  NOAA/NGDC Paleoclimatology Program, Boulder CO, USA.

Tan, Ming and Tungsheng Liu,  Juzhi Hou, Xiaoguang Qin, Hucai Zhang, and Tieying Li “Cyclic rapid warming on centennial-scale revealed by a 2650-year stalagmite record of warm season temperature” Geophysical Research Letters  30,12, 1617 (June 2003).

Wang, Shaowu and Wei-Chyung Wang 1994 “Application of historical documentary records in resonstruction of the paleo-climate series in China” TAO: Terrestial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences 5,3: 373-382. (September)
Wu, Xiangding 1994 “Tree-ring chronologies and their response to climate in the Qinling mountains, China.” TAO: Terrestial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences 5,3: 365-372. (September)
Yang, B., Braeuning, A., Johnson, K.R., and Yafeng, S., 2002,
“General characteristics of temperature variation in China during the last two millennia.”Geophysical Research Letters, 10.1029/2001GL014485, 11 May 2002

Zhang, Jiacheng and Thomas J. Crowley 1989 “Historical climate records in China and reconstruction of past climates” Journal of Climate 2,8: 833-849.


Zhu, Kezhen (Chu, K.) 1973 "A preliminary study on the climatic fluctuations during the last 5000 years in China," Scientia Sinica 16,2:226-256 (May).